base64.h

All headers

base64 functions.

For historical reasons, these functions have the EVP_ prefix but just do base64 encoding and decoding.

  1. Encoding
  2. EVP_EncodeBlock
  3. EVP_EncodedLength
  4. Decoding
  5. EVP_DecodedLength
  6. EVP_DecodeBase64
  7. Deprecated functions
  8. EVP_EncodeInit
  9. EVP_EncodeUpdate
  10. EVP_EncodeFinal
  11. EVP_DecodeInit
  12. EVP_DecodeUpdate
  13. EVP_DecodeFinal
  14. EVP_DecodeBlock
  15. evp_encode_ctx_st

Encoding

EVP_EncodeBlock encodes src_len bytes from src and writes the result to dst with a trailing NUL. It returns the number of bytes written, not including this trailing NUL.

OPENSSL_EXPORT size_t EVP_EncodeBlock(uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
                                      size_t src_len);

EVP_EncodedLength sets *out_len to the number of bytes that will be needed to call EVP_EncodeBlock on an input of length len. This includes the final NUL that EVP_EncodeBlock writes. It returns one on success or zero on error.

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_EncodedLength(size_t *out_len, size_t len);

Decoding

EVP_DecodedLength sets *out_len to the maximum number of bytes that will be needed to call EVP_DecodeBase64 on an input of length len. It returns one on success or zero if len is not a valid length for a base64-encoded string.

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_DecodedLength(size_t *out_len, size_t len);

EVP_DecodeBase64 decodes in_len bytes from base64 and writes *out_len bytes to out. max_out is the size of the output buffer. If it is not enough for the maximum output size, the operation fails. It returns one on success or zero on error.

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_DecodeBase64(uint8_t *out, size_t *out_len,
                                    size_t max_out, const uint8_t *in,
                                    size_t in_len);

Deprecated functions.

OpenSSL provides a streaming base64 implementation, however its behavior is very specific to PEM. It is also very lenient of invalid input. Use of any of these functions is thus deprecated.

EVP_EncodeInit initialises *ctx, which is typically stack allocated, for an encoding operation.

NOTE: The encoding operation breaks its output with newlines every 64 characters of output (48 characters of input). Use EVP_EncodeBlock to encode raw base64.

OPENSSL_EXPORT void EVP_EncodeInit(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx);

EVP_EncodeUpdate encodes in_len bytes from in and writes an encoded version of them to out and sets *out_len to the number of bytes written. Some state may be contained in ctx so EVP_EncodeFinal must be used to flush it before using the encoded data.

OPENSSL_EXPORT void EVP_EncodeUpdate(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, uint8_t *out,
                                     int *out_len, const uint8_t *in,
                                     size_t in_len);

EVP_EncodeFinal flushes any remaining output bytes from ctx to out and sets *out_len to the number of bytes written.

OPENSSL_EXPORT void EVP_EncodeFinal(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, uint8_t *out,
                                    int *out_len);

EVP_DecodeInit initialises *ctx, which is typically stack allocated, for a decoding operation.

TODO(davidben): This isn't a straight-up base64 decode either. Document and/or fix exactly what's going on here; maximum line length and such.

OPENSSL_EXPORT void EVP_DecodeInit(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx);

EVP_DecodeUpdate decodes in_len bytes from in and writes the decoded data to out and sets *out_len to the number of bytes written. Some state may be contained in ctx so EVP_DecodeFinal must be used to flush it before using the encoded data.

It returns -1 on error, one if a full line of input was processed and zero if the line was short (i.e. it was the last line).

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_DecodeUpdate(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, uint8_t *out,
                                    int *out_len, const uint8_t *in,
                                    size_t in_len);

EVP_DecodeFinal flushes any remaining output bytes from ctx to out and sets *out_len to the number of bytes written. It returns one on success and minus one on error.

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_DecodeFinal(EVP_ENCODE_CTX *ctx, uint8_t *out,
                                   int *out_len);

EVP_DecodeBlock encodes src_len bytes from src and writes the result to dst. It returns the number of bytes written or -1 on error.

WARNING: EVP_DecodeBlock's return value does not take padding into account. It also strips leading whitespace and trailing whitespace and minuses.

OPENSSL_EXPORT int EVP_DecodeBlock(uint8_t *dst, const uint8_t *src,
                                   size_t src_len);
struct evp_encode_ctx_st {
  // data_used indicates the number of bytes of |data| that are valid. When
  // encoding, |data| will be filled and encoded as a lump. When decoding, only
  // the first four bytes of |data| will be used.
  unsigned data_used;
  uint8_t data[48];

  // eof_seen indicates that the end of the base64 data has been seen when
  // decoding. Only whitespace can follow.
  char eof_seen;

  // error_encountered indicates that invalid base64 data was found. This will
  // cause all future calls to fail.
  char error_encountered;
};